1. What is IDEA?
IDEA is the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. It is the Federal Law that guarantees all children with disabilities access to a free and appropriate education.
Federal regulations state that children must have a significant weakness in an ability that affects academic performance.
Standard Scores describe a student's performance compared to the average performance of an average child. It is based on a Mean or Average Score of 100 with a Standard Deviation of +/- 15. This means anywhere from 85 through 115 is considered an average score. According to the Learning Disabilities Identification Process, children must be significantly delayed, or have standardized test scores that are at least 1 1/2 SD delayed in academic one or more areas or have a diagnosis which qualifies under state regulations.
Percentile Ranks describe a student's standing compared to a group of children based on a scale of 1 through 99. The student's percentile rank indicates the percentage of students who had scores as low or lower than the student's score. Average is 50. Anywhere from 16 to 84 is considered within the average range.
The IEP process is a procedure for insuring that a plan is drawn up to meet a child's individualized educational needs as identified through standardized evaluation.